Blog

The EdgarStat Blog explores issues in transfer pricing and application of the transactional net margin method (TNMM or CPM in the US) and other enterprise profit-based methods. Blog writings reflect the position of the authors and are not the opinion of EdgarStat.

Intercompany Loans Involving Chinese and South Korean Affiliates
February 17, 2023 by Harold McClure

The tax authorities in China and in South Korea have issued different safe harbors with respect to the interest rates on intercompany loans. Safe harbor rates are often in conflict with what would represent an arm’s length rate. Our discussion poses a hypothetical intercompany loan from a South Korean parent corporation to its Chinese manufacturing affiliate to highlight how the arm’s length interest rate depends on the contractual terms of the loans including date, term, and currency and the credit rating of the borrowing affiliate.

Topics: Credit Rating Interest Rates Intercompany Financing Arm's Length Interest Rates

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Dutch Tax Authority Wins Challenge of British American Tobacco's Intercompany Financing
November 10, 2022 by Harold McClure

The Dutch tax authority prevailed in its challenge of several British American Tobacco intercompany financing transactions.

Topics: Intercompany Guarantee Fees Intercompany Loans Intercompany Financing Arm's Length Interest Rates

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Fixed-Rate Intercompany Loans and Currency Denomination
September 12, 2022 by Harold McClure

Harold McClure expounds on the issue of currency denomination in intercompany financing, addressing currency adjustments in longer-term fixed interest rates, past controversies, and regulatory guidance.

Topics: Financial Transactions OECD United Nations Adjustments Intercompany Financing Arm's Length Interest Rates

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Tutorial: Currency Adjustments in Intercompany Financing
August 03, 2022 by John Hollas

In this tutorial, we address comparability adjustments for differences in the currency of the tested loan to that of the comparable transactions.

Topics: Tutorial CUFT Interest Rates Financial Transactions Intercompany Financing

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Tutorial: Country Risk Adjustment in Intercompany Financing
May 26, 2022 by John Hollas

One of the most challenging transfer pricing issues regarding financial transactions is making a comparability adjustment for differences in country risk between the tested non-US borrower’s country and the comparable US borrower's country in pricing the intercompany loan interest rate.

Topics: CUFT State Transfer Pricing Adjustments Intercompany Financing Arm's Length Interest Rates

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Tutorial: Estimating Implied Credit Rating Using Altman Z"-Score Tool
November 05, 2021 by John Hollas

In this tutorial we introduce you to a tool in the EdgarStat CUFT Loan Agreements Database for estimating the implied credit rating of your tested borrower using the Altman Z”-Score Model.

Topics: Credit Rating CUFT Intercompany Financing

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Tutorial: Benchmarking with the CUFT Loan Agreements Database in EdgarStat
September 28, 2021 by John Hollas

Intercompany financing is a growing area of focus in transfer pricing. CUFT Analytics co-founder and managing director John Hollas provides guidance on using the EdgarStat CUFT Loan Agreements Database to benchmark an arm's length range of interest rates.

Topics: CUFT Credit Risk Intercompany Financing Arm's Length Interest Rates

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Benchmarking Intercompany Loans: Market Conditions Matter
September 08, 2021 by Harold McClure

Interests fluctuate based on market conditions, and analysts must consider whether the market conditions surrounding their data are comparable to those of the tested intercompany transaction when benchmarking an arm's length interest rate in transfer pricing.

Topics: CUFT Interest Rates Intercompany Financing

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Intercompany Financing: Engie State Aid Case and Perrigo’s Battle with the IRS
May 31, 2021 by Harold McClure

Harold McClure explores intercompany financing issues through the lens of a recent case before the EU General Court and an upcoming battle between Perrigo and the IRS.

Topics: Interest Rates United States Intercompany Financing Europe

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Challenges to Intercompany Loan Rates by French Tax Authority and IRS
May 07, 2021 by Harold McClure

International tax law firms are rightfully warning clients of audit risks with respect to intercompany financing in France. Taxpayers can mitigate risk by following new OECD guidance, providing sound economic analysis and avoiding overly aggressive positions on group vs. standalone credit ratings.

Topics: Interest Rates United States France Intercompany Financing

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